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Asthma

Asthma Treatment London

The typical symptoms are wheeze, cough, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Asthma cannot be 'cured', but treatment is aimed at controlling symptoms with the minimum necessary medication.

Asthma is a common condition that affects the airways. When a person with asthma comes into contact with something that irritates their airways (an asthma trigger), the muscles around the walls of the airways tighten so that the airways become narrower and the lining of the airways becomes inflamed and starts to swell. Sometimes sticky mucus or phlegm builds up which can further narrow the airways.

All these reactions cause the airways to become narrower and irritated - making it difficult to breath and leading to symptoms of asthma.

  • 15% of adults in the UK have a diagnosis of asthma.
  • 1.1m children in the UK are currently receiving treatment for asthma.
  • There is a person with asthma in one in five households in the UK.

Asthma Symptoms

The usual symptoms of asthma are:

  • coughing , wheezing, shortness of breath, tightness in the chest.
  • Night time (or early morning), limitation of daily routine and lost work
  • efficiency are also important features.
  • Allergic and non-specific triggers are important to ascertain
  • Nasal symptoms are frequently involved, but often under recognised

Not everyone will get all of these symptoms. Some people experience them from time to time; a few people may experience these symptoms all the time. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. The rate of deterioration after an excacerbation can also vary.

Asthma Management

The diagnosis of Asthma is crucial to good management. Increasingly this often requires Specialist assessment, particularly to exclude other diseases that may mimic the symptoms, and to establish a clear Asthma management plan in partnership with the patient. This underpins the successful control of Asthma, and requires a high level of commitment to monitoring and review, so as to aim for and maintain good control.

Further Links:

www.brit-thoracic.org.uk

www.asthma.org.uk

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